1 chinese language

1 chinese language - 1 The Chinese Language I Spoken...

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1. The Chinese Language I. Spoken Chinese Sino-Tibetan language family (Sino = Chinese) Ancient Chinese language features 1. Monosyllabic base (a, zhang, etc.) most words are single syllables; exceptions are usually repeated sound effects or borrowed words from other languages, etc. modern Chinese language—combine two monosyllabic words to form a new meaning (ex. dian + shi = lightning + to look at = television) o other cultures used transliteration (“terebision” = television) 2. Tones (4 pitches) changing the tone/musical pitch changes the meaning same pitch: (ma¯ = mother) rising pitch: (ma/ = numb) down then up (ma = horse) down pitch: (ma\ = scold) neutral tone (question-like) 3. No inflection Basic structure of word doesn’t change according to its grammatical function (English: “add –s to everything to pluralize” but man -> men and woman -> women) Context indicates if a noun is plural (exception: sometimes they add suffix “mun” as in “wo mun”)
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  • Spring '08
  • GEORGEHAYDEN
  • chinese written language, Sino-Tibetan language family, The Chinese Language, ancient Chinese language, modern Chinese language—combine

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1 chinese language - 1 The Chinese Language I Spoken...

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