1 chinese language

1 chinese language - 1. The Chinese Language I. Spoken...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. The Chinese Language I. Spoken Chinese Sino-Tibetan language family (Sino = Chinese) Ancient Chinese language features 1. Monosyllabic base (a, zhang, etc.) most words are single syllables; exceptions are usually repeated sound effects or borrowed words from other languages, etc. modern Chinese language—combine two monosyllabic words to form a new meaning (ex. dian + shi = lightning + to look at = television) o other cultures used transliteration (“terebision” = television) 2. Tones (4 pitches) changing the tone/musical pitch changes the meaning same pitch: (ma¯ = mother) rising pitch: (ma/ = numb) down then up (ma = horse) down pitch: (ma\ = scold) neutral tone (question-like) 3. No inflection Basic structure of word doesn’t change according to its grammatical function (English: “add –s to everything to pluralize” but man -> men and woman -> women) Context indicates if a noun is plural (exception: sometimes they add suffix “mun” as in “wo mun”)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 2

1 chinese language - 1. The Chinese Language I. Spoken...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online