POLS 1150 - Abortion

POLS 1150 - Abortion - The Abortion Act of 1967 Legislation...

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Unformatted text preview: The Abortion Act of 1967 Legislation passed in the United Kingdom in 1967. Stated the following: Termination of pregnancy by a registered practitioner subject to certain conditions is permitted. Abortions must be performed by a registered medical practitioner in a National Health Service Hospital or in a Department of Health approved location such as British Pregnancy Advisory Service Clinics. Roe v. Wade Decided on in January of 1973 by the United States Supreme Court. The decision struck down the abortion laws in most states. It said that most states' abortion laws violated the 9th and 14th Amendments. Stated that no state could regulate abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy and that regulations directly related to maternal health would be allowed during the second trimester. From that point forward, many state laws on abortion were subject to review beforehand by the Supreme Court to decide on whether or not they were Constitutional. Doe v. Bolton Supreme Court case related to Roe v. Wade. Also in 1973. Decided that a woman has a constitutional right to abortion from six months to birth, if her doctor "in his best clinical judgment," in light of the patient's age, physical, emotional, psychological and familial circumstances, finds it "necessary for her physical or mental health." Planned Parenthood v. Casey Supreme Court case in 1992 that basically replaced the Roe v. Wade case as the primary source of legislation on abortion. Decision in this case struck down a law requiring spousal consent before obtaining an abortion, and upheld laws requiring a 24hour waiting period, parental consent for minors, and several other minor requirements. Came close to overturning Roe v. Wade. Other Supreme Court Cases Include but not limited to the following cases: All of them were important in determining abortion laws in the United States. Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth (1976) Harris v. McRae (1980) Thornburg v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (1986) Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989) Hodgson v. Minnesota (1990) Ohio v Akron Center for Reproductive Health (1990). Recent Legislation Bill passed through the U.S. Senate in March 2003 which will ban several late term abortion methods if the bill passes through the House and President Bush. The bill is highly expected to pass through the House this spring. President Bush said that he "will sign it once it clears Congress." ...
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