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section-october 23rd midterm review

section-october 23rd midterm review - John Locke English...

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  John Locke English philosopher, wrote political philosophy (Two Treaties of Government). n Nature of Man – men are in a state of equality with no one persons subordinate to another. Man is free to pursue life, liberty, and pursuit of property. n State of War – when one man attempts to control another, they enter a state of war creating an incentive for the formation of a government n Formation of Government: Men voluntarily consent to enter into a govt. for protection, thereby quitting the State of Nature. Commonly referred to as a Social Contract. n
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Significance: Classic Liberalism n Locke was a proponent of classic liberalism which includes individualism, freedom, equality, right to private property, popular sovereignty, limited govt./laissez-faire govt., competition and change is accepted part of the govt. process. n The significance of classic liberalism is that many of these ideals are part of our government and political culture.
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Tilly raises 4 Approaches Substantive Approach Procedural Approach  Process-Oriented Approach Needed to Provide Benefit/Detriment of each  approach  You also needed to tell “why” you defended a  certain approach You also needed to tell why you felt a certain  approach was least defensible   
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Kingdon Many people were confused: The variables(migration, diversity and  localism, economic and social structure,  opportunity and isolation) these paths lead to  our ideology or political culture which is  comprised of 2 characteristics according to  Kingdon: Individualism and Equality of  Opportunity
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Need to distinguish between equality of  opportunity rather than equality of result-pull  yourself up by the boot strap, etc.
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