AHIS370Notes1 - Due Dates: - Final: May 8th - Term paper:...

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Due Dates: - Final: May 8 th - Term paper: April 21 st by 5 pm in art history office 1/18/06 The New York School Pollock : “cowboy”, “westerner” - family was from the west, went to high school in Los Angeles before he migrated to NYC to work - got involved in the cultural left-wing once he was in NY (participated in communist party’s may day parade in 1936) o WPA (Works Progress Association): making work for ppl to make up for the unemployment of the Depression Federal Arts Project: two branches Public art: more conventional artists like Benton were dispatched to paint murals on federal property (post offices, etc) Easel painting: govt allowed artists to paint in a studio as long as they produced a quota of easel paintings that were then acquired by the govt (Pollock worked under this branch) - Could be classified as an abstract expressionist, or merely a member of the New York School - In the art of the period, lack of skill could be turned into a virtue b/c of its directness; appears to come straight from some inner state (ex: self-portrait 1931-35) - Many of his works were influences by works outside of the traditional canon of European art (e.g. african and other tribal sculpture) - Expressionism : art that takes liberties from some norm in order to heighten its impact on the work (emotional impact, vividness, intensity) b/c it departs from what you’d expect o Introduces a greater degree of differing tones, perspectives, etc into the work - went through Humeian therapy to (attempt to) overcome alcoholism - Pollock was inspired by Picasso’s Guernica for multiple reasons o only large scale example of Picasso’s work; done on a scale larger than originally considered as art to American artists, however, its vast size served as inspiration; the size itself was its own artistic element (Pollocks work became similar scale) o done in protest and traveled the world - less academic skill gave him freedom from the hackneyed shortcuts used by other artists of the time (“Naked Man” 38-41) - “Head” (38-41)
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o depicted nightmares in a fashion reminiscent of a tribal mask o no background, “all-over” composition - “Male and Female” (42) o went from depicting known objects to expressing more of a derivative or surrogate for the painting itself (multiple rectangles) o less representational, more abstraction involved o starting to adhere more to the painting itself as a ritualized object, less of a window onto the world, the painting itself was self-sufficent - Film “Pollock”: o For Jackson, painting was more intuitive, less calculated o Krasner’s artistic vocabulary cannot accurately describe Pollocks work, b/c he doesn’t conform to particular categorical guidelines, he doesn’t theorize o Lee Krasner began to subordinate her own work to promoting Pollocks work - “Guardians of the Secret” (43) o mask-like abstract heads, wolf-like form, form resembling table: all depict a ritualistic scene - “Mural” (43-44) o commissioned by Peggy Guggenheim
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2008 for the course AHIS 370 taught by Professor Crow during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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AHIS370Notes1 - Due Dates: - Final: May 8th - Term paper:...

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