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AHIS370finalreview - read eva hesse jack goldstein Pop Art...

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*** read eva hesse ** jack goldstein Pop Art Chouinard/CalArts - chouinard grads: ruscha - LA vs. NY - LA value that NY artists didn’t tend to share: knowing your material, being at the top of your material ( “finish fetish” ) - less sexual repression in LA (this attracted Conner to LA) - is the Plexiglas base a part of the work? o essence of the divide btwn NYC and LA art: NYC sought to put things on a pedestal; LA wanted you to see the pedestal itself as art - Ferus Gallery - LA gallery started by Keinholz and Walter Hopps - also showed: ruscha, bengston, bell Arte Povera - Italian art movement coined by Genoese critic Germano Celant - translates to “poor art” - A.P. artists substituted the manufactured elements of pop art with tokens of the biological life cycle, to evoke the spontaneity of natural decay and decomposition - wanted to “impoverish” the work of its representative meaning, forcing the viewer to confront the naked reality of the subject, having a likeness to nothing but itself - landmark artists of the group: Kounellis, Merz (also a situationist) o hesse and Smithson referenced this emphasis on decay int heir later works - Green Gallery - housed many of the early minimalist installations - artists shown: morris, flavin, judd “Pictures” art vs. neo espressionism (Situationism critique of pictures) - pictures and situationists tried to detach “being new” from “being original” – stepping away from the 20 th century trend of striving towards artistic purity and originality o you can make extremely sophisticated art without having to buy into the notion of originality and innovation - Pictures artists came about from 1977 exhibition at Artists’ Space Gallery entitled “Pictures,” curated by critic Douglas Crimp o Pictures rap: questioning current strategies of producing and viewing
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images, often making theoretical and political critiques o now you could use conceptual art gestures to bring back reference to the real world; layering of self-conscious reflection of previous representations o landmark artists: Jack Goldstein, David Salle, Sherrie Levine, Cindy Sherman (?) - situationists didn’t like the connotation of pictures-art criticism; they differentiated themselves from the pictures artists b/c they didn’t want to inherit their bad rep o situationists wanted to remove the political association from the work; leaned more toward an embrace of consumer culture with the creation of “shopping sculpture” o situationist: Haim Steinbach o pictures artists were being asked to bear the mark of left wing socialism; situationists wanted to distance themselves from that responsibility Minimalism - had to acknowledge the necessity of gallery space for the effectiveness of their art o repetition of bricks or a single fluorescent light fixture would not register as art were it not displayed in an “art setting” - very intellectually-motivated - was necessary to remove any trace of the artist’s hand from the work: often extended this as far as having the work executed by an outside manufacturer
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