CLASSWORK_POLS315_OUTLINES_EXAM 4 (COMPATIBLE)

CLASSWORK_POLS315_OUTLINES_EXAM 4 (COMPATIBLE) - CLASSWORK...

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CLASSWORK POLS315 2008.04.08 OUTLINES, EXAM 4 I. THE RISE OF THE POSITIVE STATE: 1900 TO 1945 a. INTRODUCTION i. THE CENTURY BEGAN WITH LAISSEZ-FAIRE CAPITALISM AT THE HEIGHT OF ITS POWER. THE RETURN OF PROSPERITY, THE DIVERSION OF THE WAR OF 1898, AND WILLIAM MCKINLEY’S EVEN GREATER MAJOITY WIN OVER WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN IN THE ELECTION OF 1900 THAN IN 1896 ALL SEEMED TO FORESHADOW A PERIOD OF COMPLETE CORPORATE DOMINANCE. BUT THERE CONTINUED TO BE SOCIAL SOURCES OF OPPOSITION AND A GROWING CLAMOR FROM MUCKRAKERS AND OTHER MIDDLE-CLASS INTELLECTUALS FOR VARIOUS KINDS OF SOCIAL REFORM. THESE WERE FUELED BY SUCH ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS AS ARROGANT PROFITEERING BY SOME TRUSTS AND SPECULATORS, URBAN DEGRADATION, UNEMPLOYMENT AND HARSH WORKING CONDITIONS, AND CORRUPTION AT VARIOUS LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT. THE POWER OF THE REFORM MOVEMENTS WAS SIGNIFICANT, AND FEAR OF ANARCHISTS AND SOCIALIST OPPOSITION WAS WIDESPREAD AMONG THE UPPERCLASSES. HISTORIANS NOW DISAGREE OVER HOW MUCH THIS NEW NATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITY ACTUALLY REPRESENTED THE RESUMPTION OF POPULAR CONTROL OVER A POTENTIALLY RUNAWAY PRIVATE ECONOMY. BUT THE MOMENTOUS NATURE OF THE CHANGE INLIBERALISM IS NOT AT ISSUE, NOR IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS PERIOD FOR ESTABLISHING THE BASIC STUCTURE AND PRACTICES OF THE INCREASINGLY INTERDEPENDENT E3CONOMIC AND POLITICAL SYSTEM IN AMERICA. IN THIS PART WE FIRST SURVEY THE IDEAS PUT FORWARD BY THE MAJOR SOURCES OF OPPOSITION, WITH PARTICULAR CONCENR FOR THEIR UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS AND HT EWAYS IN WHICH THEY CONTRASTED WITH LIBERALISM. THEN WE SHALL EXAMINE HOW THE CHANGE IN LIBERALISMWAS ACCOMPLISHED, FIRST IN THE IMPORTANT INTELLECTUAL SYNTHESIS OF HAMILTON AND JEFFERSON ACHIEVED BY HERBERT CROLY AND NEXT IN THE POPULARISHING SPEECHES AND ACTIONS OF PRESIDENTS WOODROW WILSON AND FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT. W E SHALL ALSO SEE THAT NEW APPLICATIONS OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOG, ORGANIZATION,A ND BUREAUCRACY MADE THESE CHANGES A PART OF EVERYDAY WORKING LIFE—AND CREATED NEW PROBLEMS FOR DEMOCRACY. b. SOURCES OF OPPOSITION AND REFORM – AS THE MODERN INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM BEGAN TO TAKE SHAPE, SOME SOCIAL GROUPS SOUGHT TO BE INCLUDED IN ITS OPPORTUNITIES OR PROTECTED AGAINST ITS MOST SEVER INEQUALITIES. OTHERS OPPOSED IT IN FUNDAMENTAL WAYS, CRITICISZING ITS BASIC SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC STRUTURE, ITS VALUES AND PRACTICIES, AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE WITHIN IT, AND CALLING FOR ITS TOTAL RECONSTRUCCTION. THE FIRST DEMANS WERE REFORMIST IN CHARACTER IN THAT THE GROUPS MAKING THEM ACCEPTED THE BASIC STRUCTURES AND VALUES OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM, ASKING THAT HESE ALSO BE APPLIED TOT HTEM WITH PERHAPS SOME MODIFICATIONS. THE SECOND SET OF DEMANDS, HOWEVER, WOULD HAVE REQUIRED RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SOCIAL ORDER IN THE MOST BASIC WAYS. THE FIRST AND LAST OF THESE WERE THE MOST IMPORTANT AT THE TIME ANDE SO RECEIVE PRIORITY HERE, ALTHOUGH THE OTHERS ARE CONSIDERED BRIEFLY IN CONCLUSION. i.
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CLASSWORK_POLS315_OUTLINES_EXAM 4 (COMPATIBLE) - CLASSWORK...

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