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Unformatted text preview: 1/12/06 Paul Bremer: Presidential Envoy to Iraq Relationships btwn any ppl = power relationships by default Humans are naturally power-oriented; all societies throughout history have been hierarchies Problem w/ comparing leaders: equivalence (i.e. power of Hitler vs. power of an American President is almost incomparable) Political physics : how to think causally- human behavior is interactive (i.e. a person hits someone else, they hit back violent; one hits, the other reacts peacefully; etc etc)- such interaction is a power interaction- since leaders are human, they react to the actions of others and their actions thus trigger reactions by their citizens and other leaders why do leaders lead and followers follow?- we can only answer this theoretically- biological factors : there is certain evidence that some of us are genetically predisposed for leadership (i.e. more testosterone and serotonin lead to more aggressive behavior) o can we really explain urges to lead with hormones and biology? Or is it an intellectual urge?- environmental factors : this is the evidence most heavily relied on (since it is most easily understood) do leaders change history?- evidence that they do: G.W. Bush o economic impact, war in Iraq: would any of this have occurred if Gore had been elected?- In times of crisis (war, depressions, etc), leaders are even more important b/c the opportunity to exercise power increases o Ex: 9/11 Bushs approval rating shot up when we were in state of crisis- It ultimately depends upon the leader o Lincoln gets all the fame, but what about Buchanan before him? o Buchanan didnt have the power personality, didnt take action Leaders, myths, and heros- power attracts people, so rumors and myths often develop around powerful, charismatic figures- amtscharisma : the charismatic halo that settle upon a person exclusively by virtue of their office/ the position they are holding, regardless of their natural charisma Is leadership learnable? Can there be a learning curve? ***- Eisenhower: not a great speaker, but he was loved b/c he symbolized American conquest over European fascism- When opportunity is presented to you to become president but you didnt actually seek the position out (Washington, Eisenhower) you must learn quickly how to get the job done- Again, depends upon the person- Many rely on advisors for help and guidance in their position of power o Machiavelli: wrote The Prince to advice his prince how to rule o Aristotle: teacher of Alexander the Great o Karl Rove: advisor to Bush, chief strategist (some would say hes the mastermind behind Bushs regime) Determinants of power and leadership- The following factors determine the level of a leaders power at a given time o Personality (see genetic factors above) o Environment (milieu): Teddy Roosevelt had the personality and wanted to exercise more power, but there was no crisis so he didnt get the opportunity o Experience : there is no school to teach you how to be president; only...
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