Lect 02 PP outline

Lect 02 PP outline - Frameworks for Understanding: Science,...

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Frameworks for Understanding: Science, Systems, and Ethics WHAT IS SCIENCE? Science is: a methodical, logical process for producing knowledge about natural phenomena. a cumulative body of knowledge produced by scientists. based on careful observation of the natural world and hypothesis testing Science The natural world Limits Science can not tell us what is right or wrong. It can not tell us what is beautiful It can not tell us about God, ghosts, spirits, the paranormal, or of things beyond the natural world. Hypothesis and Theories Hypothesis - A provisional explanation that can be falsified by further investigation. When tests support hypothesis, it is only considered provisionally true. Scientific Theory - Hypothesis supported by multiple experiments and a majority of experts. Not casual everyday “theory”. Statistics and Probability Quantitative data can be precise, easily compared, and provide good benchmarks to measure change. Statistical analysis can be used to calculate a margin of error and confidence levels. Probability is a measure and prediction of the likelihood of an event. Experimental Design
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2008 for the course BIOLOGY 118 taught by Professor Richardson during the Spring '08 term at Winona.

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Lect 02 PP outline - Frameworks for Understanding: Science,...

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