PS460 Yaqui OralPresent

PS460 Yaqui OralPresent - Luke Haas Oral Presentation Yaqui...

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Luke Haas Oral Presentation Yaqui Indians Religious Enculturation and Folklore Intro: Thesis: Despite the US/Mexico border, Yaqui families hold the same beliefs and belief systems regardless of which community they live in. The Yaquis have changed considerably over the years, however they still maintain a common identity as the Yaqui Nation. The Yaqui Indians were a farming and fishing community. Originally they lived in the Sonora desert, found in North Western Mexico and Southern Arizona. They were irrigation-farmers, growing mainly corn, beans and squash. Fishing was also another source of food for the Yaquis. Historically the Yaquis lived in eight pueblos. To this day, nearly all Yaqui families, regardless of where they live, are able to trace their ancestry to one of these eight pueblos, signifying the importance of community and place in the world to the Yaqui Indians. There is no recorded information of pre-contact lifestyles. The first recorded contact with the Spanish was in 1533. A slave trader named Diego de Guzman landed in Western Mexico and attempted to capture the Yaquis. Guzman, like every attempt to conquer the Yaquis was repulsed by their fierce warriors. Yaquis are very proud of the fact that they were not conquered, and this is reflected in many stories they tell. Religious Enculturation and Change In Mexico I shall first talk about religious enculturation in Mexico, as this is where all the Yaquis used to live. This is also where the Jesuit missionaries and the process of religious adaptation took place. Contact with the Jesuit missionaries first occurred in about 1617. The priests were invited by the yaqui community. The priests had many successes with the yaquis, one of the most notable is the acceptance of Christianity of all 30,000 yaquis and their baptism in the first year of their presence. They also rapidly developed towns and communities for the yaquis in a period of about five years. Eight churches sprang up instantly, one in each of the eight communities. The Jesuits introduced both religious practice and agricultural methods. The agricultural methods were greatly helpful to the Yaquis who lived in a semi-arid region, these farming practices also helped to establish the priests as beneficial members of the society. The priests played dual roles in their communities, they were both teachers and
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preachers. On the one hand the priests would show the yaquies agricultural practices that improved their irrigation system, and on the other hand they preached the gospel to the yaquis. To achieve both of these ends the priests developed a fluency in the yaqui language. The bible, songs and prayers were translated into the native tongue, the yaquis
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PS460 Yaqui OralPresent - Luke Haas Oral Presentation Yaqui...

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