US Canada Judicial Systems

US Canada Judicial Systems - CANADA & US JUDICIAL...

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JUDICIAL SYSTEMS Presented By: Amanda Bothun
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U.S. Court Structure State Court Systems -Constitutional and laws of each state establish the state courts. States tend to have trials courts, which are usually known as Circuit or District Courts. Additionally some states have an intermediate Court of Appeals. A court of last resort is usually known as the State Supreme Court. -States often have courts designed for handling specific legal matters. ( juvenile court, probate court…etc) -Only certain cases are eligible for review by US Supreme Court Federal Court System -Article III invests judicial power of US in federal court system. -Article III Section I creates Supreme Court & gives Congress authority to lower federal courts -Congress used this power to establish 13 US Courts of Appeals, 94 US District Courts, US Court of Claims, US Court of Int’l Trade. -Parties dissatisfied with decision of US District Court, US Court of Claims, and/or Court of Int’l Trade may appeal to a US Court of Appeals -Beyond that a party may ask US Supreme Court to review a decision of US Court of Appeals, but the US Supreme Courts isn’t required to do so. -US Supreme Court is final arbiter of federal constitutional questions.
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Canada Court Framework -Organization of Canada’s judicial system is a direct function of Canada’s Constitution. Particularly to the Constitution Act of 1867. -Through Constitutional Act of 1867 authority is divided between the federal government and the 10 provincial governments. -Courts in Canada are organized in a four-tiered structure: *1st tier- Supreme Court sits at the Apex *2nd tier down- Federal Court of Appeal & various Provincial Courts of Appeal *3rd tier down- Federal Court, Tax Court of Canada, and the *4th tier down- Provincial / Territorial Courts
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US Canada Judicial Systems - CANADA & US JUDICIAL...

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