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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATUREThis chapter presents the studies and literature that are related and relevant to the topic presented inthe study. This includes topics on the K-12 curriculum, the Senior High School program, factors behindcourse preferences in Nena National high school.THE K-12 PROGRAMIn 2010, then-President of the Philippines Benigno Aquino III disclosed his platform to reform thePhilippine educational system, saying that those who can afford fourteen years of education are thosewho are succeeding in life, in comparison to those public school students who cannot afford it. ThePhilippine educational system has always been a six-year elementary and four-year high schooleducation, having a total of only ten years ars of basic education (Crisol & Alamillo, 2014). Thus, he urgedfor the implementation of the K-12 system to give chance to the students from public schools to have atleast 12 years of education that would give everyone equal chances of success (Senate of the Philippines,2010). With this system, Grade 12 graduates would be able to apply for jobs even without having acollege degree.Since 2012, the K-12 system became a part of the curriculum in the schools and universities in thePhilippines. Being one of the few remaining countries that has only started the K-12 system, many of thestudents and teachers alike have had difficulty in adjusting to the subjects, load, and additional yearlevels.

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