Intelligence - Lecture Outline Chapter 14 Psychological...

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1 Lecture Outline Basic types of psychological testing How do we use tests to compare individuals? Facets of intelligence g = g f + g c Beyond Intelligence: Other Cognitive Factors Chapter 14: Psychological Testing & Intelligence
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2 Binet IQ = Mental age/Physical age x 100
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3 Estimating Your IQ Borderline mentally retarded Superior intelligence Above Average Below Average
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4 Issues in Psychological Testing Is this what comes to mind when someone says that you are going to take an “intelligence test”? Overall, do the items on the test assess some form of mental ability? Does this test truly reflect your intelligence (IQ)? Would individuals of all ages, races, and socioeconomic backgrounds be able to answer the questions on this test? How does one’s sensory abilities (e.g., vision/clarity of exam) influence test-taking?
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5 Lecture Outline Basic types of psychological testing How do we use tests to compare individuals? Facets of intelligence g = g f + g c Beyond Intelligence: Other Cognitive Factors Chapter 14: Psychological Testing & Intelligence
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6 Types of Psychological Tests Psychological Tests Mental Ability Tests Personality Tests
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7 Mental Ability Tests Mental Ability Tests Intelligence Tests Aptitude Tests Achievement Tests
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8 Mental Ability Tests Mental Ability Tests Intelligence Tests Measure “general mental ability” Questions less tied to specific areas of study and do not specifically test previous knowledge (e.g., reasoning about patterns of numbers and shapes) One score (e.g., IQ)
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9 Mental Ability Tests Mental Ability Tests Aptitude Tests Examine mental ability in terms of specific domains (e.g., memory, verbal reasoning, math ability)… … with the purpose of trying to predict future performance (a.k.a. “potential”)
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10 Example of Aptitude Test SAT = Scholastic Aptitude Test Predicts performance in first year of college Scored on 3 components: Critical Reading Mathematics Writing Each component used by admissions offices to predict success
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11 Mental Ability Tests Mental Ability Tests Achievement Tests Measure knowledge acquired through previous experience Material on test comes from specific domains (e.g., Exam from last Friday)
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12 Mental Ability Tests Aptitude Tests Achievement Tests = ? Both test formats : Examine performance in specific areas of study May use exactly the same questions But… aptitude tests are predictive of future learning, whereas achievement tests measure what has already been learned
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Mental Abilities Tests Intelligence Tests Aptitude Tests
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Intelligence - Lecture Outline Chapter 14 Psychological...

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