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social_self[1] - Lecture Outline Chapter 10 Social...

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1 Lecture Outline Social Self Person Perception Impression Formation Schemas and Stereotypes Attributional Reasoning Chapter 10: Social Psychology
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2 Social Psychology Cognitive psychology examines the basic processes that underlie perception, attention, mental representations, memory, reasoning, problem solving, and language Up to this point, social context has been absent from most of what we have discussed Social context : personal and interpersonal settings and motivations (e.g., goal states) Social psychology examines the influence that social context has on way people think, feel, and behave 1. Internal or reflected context The Self 1. External or interactive context The Group
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3 The Self: Who We Are From a subjective standpoint, our perception of who we are can differ the perceptions of others Self-concept : sum of one’s beliefs and attitudes toward oneself Subjective sense of who each of us is (i.e., personal identity) Consists of positive and negative attributes Includes… Our goals : What we want to do or who we want to be in the future Our beliefs: What we value and how we look at the world Can be… Physical Fitness and athletic talents Mental Education, learned skills,and intellectual abilities Spiritual Awareness of value of self/others in society Involves a complex interaction of how we perceive ourselves and how we want others to perceive us (i.e., failures: being aware vs. projecting)
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4 Each of us can explain our beliefs and behaviors so everyone is an expert in the self Introspection : looking inside to gain self-relevant knowledge (e.g., memories, purpose, etc.) Even if a behavior is automatic, we will try to infer the reasoning behind the behavior (called self-perception theory ) We observe our behavior and then infer conclusions Our inferences are guided by beliefs about the relation between states and behavior (e.g., sleep when tired) Multiple interpretative habits / biases Knowing Ourselves
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5 Autobiographical memories : memories for events that have taken place in one’s life. Knowing Ourselves: The self is special Rubin, 2000 Recency Effect Reminiscence Bump
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6 Heatherton et al. (2006). Medial PFC activity differentiates self from close others. Scan, 1 , 18-25 Knowing Ourselves: The self is special The medial prefrontal area is “turned on” when we think about ourselves Blood flows to this when we attribute qualities to ourselves but not when attributing them to others Also described as self-awareness monitor
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7 From within… We place ourselves ahead of others because we our familiar with our own beliefs, motives, and behaviors Done in defense of the self Maintain identity Build self-assurance (a.k.a. self-flattery) Occurs because of our narrow perspective as an observer Based on others… Information reflected back to us by others is used to define self How others respond to our behavior tells us about how our identities are perceived outside the self (i.e., feedback)
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