thought - 1 Lecture Outline Mental Representations...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Lecture Outline Mental Representations Analogical Representations Symbolic Representations Problem Solving Organizing Knowledge to Solve Problems Problem Solving Obstacles Mental Blocking Automaticity and Mental Sets Heuristics Techniques for Getting out of the rut Mental Representations & Problem Solving Test Monday And youre all invited So Friday is review day 2 Mental Representations Memory of stimuli are actually mental representations of the stimuli Mental representations also important for reasoning and problem solving Mental representation : internal symbols that stand for something but are not equivalent to it (such as internalized actions, images or words) 3 Mental Representations Memory of stimuli are actually mental representations of the stimuli Mental representations also important for reasoning and problem solving Mental representation : internal symbols that stand for something but are not equivalent to it (such as internalized actions, images or words) 4 Mental Representations Two forms of mental representations described by psychologists Analogical representation : representation that shares some of the physical characteristics of an object Symbolic representation : representation that does not correspond to the physical characteristics of what it represents MOUSE 5 Analogical or Symbolic? 6 Analogical or Symbolic? 7 Analogical or Symbolic? 8 Analogical Symbolic 9 Analogical Mental Representations Mental images are one form of an analogical mental representation Mental images are internal visual images that we bring to mind when asked to think about or consider something What comes to mind is the image (representation) that is first activated in our memory when cued to think about something Introspection : process of looking within through which a person might try to observe the contents of his own mind 10 Analogical Mental Representations Introspection involves bringing a visual image into our conscious awareness 1. Like memory, we create a conscious representation 2. Representation created from our knowledge 3. Representation can vary from person to person A visual image can be manipulated or scanned just like the actual physical embodiment of the image The process of imagining sensory experiences involves the same parts of the brain that are involved in experiencing the actual physical sensations 11 12 Barnyard Questions 1. Was the horse to the left or the right of the pig? 1. Name the animal between the pig and the horse. 1. Was the small sheep to the left or the right of the large sheep? 1. What color was the horse? 13 Scientific Introspection When imagining a stimulus (or forming a visual representation), each of us can produce a different image Our ability to answer a question about the image depends on the image that we create Psychologists have developed standard procedures for examining our ability to think about or manipulate a mental...
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thought - 1 Lecture Outline Mental Representations...

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