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CTCS464notes1 - has an element of"cosmic awe recreates...

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- has an element of “cosmic awe” - recreates reality rather than imitating it 1 ST PERIOD OF HORROR: 1895-1931 - move from realism to formalism and expressivism - Influence of French Theatre : George Melies o Frenchman, stage magician o plays with discrepancy between reality and illusion o black vs white magician: white claims no supernatural roots in their magic; black does o Melies loved Houdin’s theater o three major influences Robert Houdin inspired harry houdini “The Theater of Fantasic Nights” – the show he put on the Grand Guignol theater shrine to sadism used big puppets, 5 plays per performance: o horror, then comedy, then horror ***** o they knew horror could not be sustained for a long time (like Hitchcock) plot more important than character Andre Delouries: most famous Guignol playwright o “At the Telephone”: 2-act play a great description of the theater in “Interview w/ a Vampire” o his transition into film was inevitable – film was like a tool of magic allowed for disappearances, tricks of the eye, etc o entered film industry during the reign of realism (Lumiere brothers) he originally made films in this style as well, but un falex culpa (a happy fault) occurred, which sent him into the realm of formalist cinema, where you can re-create reality, it can be subjective, fauvist - Golden Age of German Cinema o “Schauerfilme” = “shutterfilm”: experimentation with visual design composition, framing, staging, lighting, etc cinema devoted to subjective experience saw film as one of the arts – as an art form in and of itself they highlighted its distinctness from the other arts rather than its likeness – wanted to set it apart o German Expressionism mimicking reality was of no importance; instead they wanted to go beyond the appearance of that reality, to plumb deeper than that reality
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this resulted in the move into subjectivism key characteristics reveal inner personality, subjectivity chaos, horror, social upheaval low lighting, chiaroscuro, deep purples tragedy, revival of gothic novel many influences Milton Shakespearian drama Freud: man out of control, doppelganger English gothic oriental the environment of the period around the time of publication of mein keimpf divine decadence, no censorship economic depression: trying to pump money into film industry and develop own national aesthetic – promoting nationalism - American Silent Film o not too significant at the time o 1913-1919: America began gaining control of the film industry around this time; different genres emerged o the jazz age (1918-1929) prior to the great depression (the roaring 20’s) the age of pleasure: a penchant for exotica attracted to Europe, exotic stars theada bara: exotic, anagram for arab death?
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