memory2 - Lecture Outline Chapter 7: Memory • Memory...

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1 Lecture Outline Memory Strategies Forgetting and Interference Biological Basis for Memory Amnesia Chapter 7: Memory
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2 Stage Theory of Memory Sensory Memory Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory Sensory Input rehearsal F – O – R – G – E – T – T – I – N – G
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3 Steps in Memory Selection: attentional system chooses the important sensory information and filters out the rest 2. Encoding: selected information is converted from sensory input to an abstract intellectual representation 3. Storage: constructed representation (a.k.a. memory trace) held in consciousness and rehearsed/updated 4. Retrieval: memory trace reconstructed from STM (immediate consciousness) or LTM (network of permanent storage) at test using available cues retrieval cue : information from environment or information associated with memory trace
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4 Levels of Processing: Encoding Incidental learning involves unintentionally committing items to memory When exposed to a list of words, we will remember some of them Under passive memory conditions, memory for items increases as processing becomes more detailed Depth-of-processing hypothesis Shallow processing superficial details Deep processing meaning rat apple starfish hammer elephant drill orange pear ruler armadillo
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5 Levels of Processing: Storage The more energy we place in encoding the items, the better these items will be organized in storage A greater understanding of the items can lead to better organization of the items Organization is strategic Mnemonics : strategies to improve memory rat apple starfish hammer elephant drill orange pear ruler armadillo
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6 Levels of Processing: Storage The more energy we place in encoding the items, the better these items will be organized in storage A greater understanding of the items can lead to better organization of the items Organization is strategic Mnemonics : strategies to improve memory rat apple starfish hammer elephant drill orange pear ruler armadillo Grouping similar items Animals rat, starfish,elephant, & armadillo Tools hammer, drill, & ruler Foods apple, orange, & pear
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7 Levels of Processing: Storage The more energy we place in encoding the items, the better these items will be organized in storage A greater understanding of the items can lead to better organization of the items Organization is strategic Mnemonics : strategies to improve memory rat apple drill orange pear ruler armadillo Imagery
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8 Mnemonics: Visual Imagery Method of loci : learner visualizes each of the to- be-remembered items in a different spatial location requires organization of locations (e.g., landmarks you pass on your way to class) used to remember 40+ items in a specific order Peg word strategy : learner visualizes each of the to- be-remembered items with a target word that is part of an easily remembered rhyme Also used to remember words in a specific order rat apple starfish hammer elephant drill
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Tech.

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memory2 - Lecture Outline Chapter 7: Memory • Memory...

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