memory1 - 1 Lecture Outline Stage Theory of Memory...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Lecture Outline Stage Theory of Memory Short-Term Memory / Working Memory Long-Term Memory Memory Strategies Chapter 7: Memory 2 Memory Memory : process that allows us to record, store, and later retrieve experiences and information. The details really are in the definition 1. How does information get into memory? 1. How is information maintained in memory? 1. How is information pulled back out of memory? 3 Memory Memory : process that allows us to record , store, and later retrieve experiences and information. The details really are in the definition 1. How does information get into memory? RECORD acquisition / encoding of event or stimulus 2. How is information maintained in memory? 1. How is information pulled back out of memory? 4 Memory Memory : process that allows us to record, store , and later retrieve experiences and information. The details really are in the definition 1. How does information get into memory? 1. How is information maintained in memory? STORE limited capacity to store memory trace 2. How is information pulled back out of memory? 5 Memory Memory : process that allows us to record, store, and later retrieve experiences and information. The details really are in the definition 1. How does information get into memory? 1. How is information maintained in memory? 1. How is information pulled back out of memory? RETRIEVE reconstruct representation / retrieval 6 Stage Theory of Memory memory Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 A. Senses gather event-related input from the environment. This includes things like details, facts, procedures, etc. 7 Stage Theory of Memory: Sensory Memory memory sec to 4 sec Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 B. A representation of sensory input is created as part of our early sensory processing. Impression of stimuli left on our senses. 8 Stage Theory of Memory: Selection memory Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 C. Important information from the sensory representation is selected for additional processing. 9 Stage Theory of Memory: Short-Term Memory memory 15 sec to 30 sec Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 D. Representation held in storage for a short period of time, where it is maintained via rehearsal. Capacity is limited, and organization is vital. 10 Stage Theory of Memory: Rehearsal memory Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 E. Over time, organized rehearsal of representation increases the chances that the memory trace will be considered to be meaningful. 11 Stage Theory of Memory: Long Term Memory memory Days to Years Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 F. Representation held in storage for a long period of time, where it is no longer active in our consciousness but can be easily reactivated. 12 Stage Theory of Memory memory Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968 G. Forgetting reduces the strength of a memory at each stage in the process. Forgetting can be attentional, intentional, or accidental....
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memory1 - 1 Lecture Outline Stage Theory of Memory...

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