Biological+Drive+and+Motivation[1]

Biological+Drive+and+Motivation[1] - Biological Drive and...

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Biological Drive and Motivation
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Lecture Outline Motivational Balance (Homeostasis = Arousal + Control) Basic Biological System for Reward Chapter 3: Internal Control
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Balance in Life Motivation : potentiation (or biasing) of action Personal motives make some forms of behavior more probable than others Awareness of motives Goals: Conscious Control: Non-conscious Motives are directional APPROACH states that are consistent with motives AVOID states that are inconsistent with motives Human health centered around balance… Maintain continuity of consciousness Stimulus Response
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Object of motivation Physical (observable) Mental (unobservable) What does Descartes think?
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Balance = Regulation of Motives Arousal : the body’s level of stimulation, or internal state of activity Clark Hull: “All organisms seek an optimal level of arousal.” Drive-Reduction Theory: Living things are motivated (driven ) to … focus on reducing arousal resolve internal states of stress Goal state: “Peace and quiet” ( zero arousal ) Hull was not entirely accurate a) Arousal from interest need not be resolved b) Reward requires stimulation (or some level of arousal)
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Balance = Activity + Regulation Balance involves controlling sources of arousal Yerkes-Dodson Law : Arousal influences our state of consciousness Zero (or very low) arousal bored Moderate arousal alert High arousal panic Control depends on feedback Monitor system for change in status relative to some
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Biological+Drive+and+Motivation[1] - Biological Drive and...

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