Psychopathology

Psychopathology - Lecture Outline • Chapter 16:...

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1 Lecture Outline Identifying and Classifying Mental Disorders Axis 2: Personality Disorders Axis 1: Clinical Syndromes Somatoform Disorders Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Dissociative Disorders Schizophrenia Psychopath/Sociopath Behavior Chapter 16: Psychopathology
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2 Identifying and Classifying Mental Disorders Clinicians observe patients in order to look for deviations from normal behavior Found in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) created by the American Psychiatric Association Diagnoses are based on 5 dimensions, called axes Axis I – Clinical Syndromes Axis II – Personality Disorders or Mental Retardation Axis III – General Medical Conditions Axis IV – Psychosocial and Environmental Problems Axis V – Global Assessment of Functioning Clinicians observe patients similar to those that you saw last time, looking for answers to questions for each axis
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3 Personality Disorders (Not discussed in text but are interesting when they appear) Class of disorders marked by extreme, inflexible personality traits that cause subjective distress or impaired social & job-related functioning . “Normal” individuals show a wide range of personality Labeled “disorder” when extremeness damages self or others Disorders emerge during late childhood or adolescence Perhaps due to onset of puberty (Interaction between biology & environment?) Three main clusters: Anxious-fearful cluster Avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive Odd-eccentric cluster Schizoid, schizotypal, paranoid Dramatic-impulsive cluster Histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial
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4 Personality Disorders (Not discussed in text but are interesting when they appear) Class of disorders marked by extreme, inflexible personality traits that cause . “Normal” individuals show a wide range of personality Labeled “disorder” when extremeness damages self or others Disorders emerge during late childhood or adolescence Three main clusters: Anxious-fearful cluster Odd-eccentric cluster Distrustful, socially aloof people who can’t connect with others emotionally Dramatic-impulsive cluster Over-dramatize everything or are impulsive
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5 Lecture Outline Identifying and Classifying Mental Disorders Axis 2: Personality Disorders Axis 1: Clinical Syndromes Somatoform Disorders Mood Disorders Anxiety Disorders Dissociative Disorders Schizophrenia Psychopath/Sociopath Behavior Chapter 16: Psychopathology
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6 Axis I : Somatoform Disorders Patients report psychosomatic symptoms Physical symptoms that do not have a discernable biological origin
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Psychopathology - Lecture Outline • Chapter 16:...

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