history_notes[1] - Identifications Era of Good Feelings...

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Identifications Era of Good Feelings - Overt political bitterness declined because the Federalists had largely dissolved and were no longer attacking the president or being attacked in return. The nation was politically united behind the Democratic-Republican Party . The Era of Good Feelings started in 1815, after the War of 1812 . The Hartford Convention of 1814-15 underscored the disloyalty of the Federalists during the war. Nationalism surged after the victory of Andrew Jackson over the British at the Battle of New Orleans . President James Monroe paid little attention to party in dispensing patronage. In the election of 1820 , Monroe was re-elected with all but one electoral vote. A myth has risen that one elector deliberately voted against him so that George Washington would remain the only unanimously elected president. Factually, the elector disliked Monroe's policies; at the time he cast his vote he could not have known that his would have have been the only one to prevent a unanimous election. Slavery had come to the forefront as a national issue, but Henry Clay 's negotiation of the Missouri Compromise ameliorated the crisis. The solution was to balance admission of Missouri Territory as a slave state , with the admission of Maine as a free state. Local politics were without party labels or party conventions. The years following the end of the War of 1812 have been called the “era of good feelings” because of their apparent lack of partisan political strife. In the Election of 1816 , James Monroe decisively defeated the last of the Federalist candidates. Monroe was overwhelmingly reelected in the Election of 1820 with no opposition whatsoever. Book Def: Phrase used to describe the years following the year of 1812, when one party, (Jeffersonian Republicans) dominated politics, and a spirit of nationalism characterized public policy. Monroe Doctrine - The Monroe Doctrine is a U.S. doctrine which, on December 2 , 1823 , proclaimed that European powers would no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the newly independent nations of the Americas . The United States planned to stay neutral in wars between European powers and their colonies. However, if these latter types of wars were to occur in the Americas, the United States would view such action as hostile. President James Monroe first stated the doctrine during his seventh annual State of the Union Address to Congress , a defining moment in the foreign policy of the United States . Book Def: In this 1823 statement of American public policy, Monroe declared that the US
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would not allow European powers to establish new colonies in the western hemisphere or to expand existing ones. McCullough v. Maryland - The state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. Though the law, by its language, was generally applicable, the U.S. Bank was the only out-of-state bank then existing in Maryland, and the law is
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course HIST 1378 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Spring '06 term at University of Houston.

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history_notes[1] - Identifications Era of Good Feelings...

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