History_Study_Guide_2 - History I Study Guide (Second Exam)...

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History I Study Guide (Second Exam) 1. Missouri Compromise - 2. Panic of 1819 - 3. Anti Masons - 1820s opposed Democratic Party. Significance? Helped pave way for Whig party. 4. Spoils System - giving out jobs to loyal supporters (introduced by Andrew Jackson), its whole purpose was to keep party in control. Significance? 5. Indian Removal - all across western world, nomadic peoples were being exterminated. As western nation was expanding, they wanted to remove all obstacles (i.e. Indians), they concentrated the Indians in small reservations (aka Reservation policy). North ndns in Black Hills, south ndns in Oklahoma, Arizona and N Mexico. Significance? Led to 30 years war of resistance of Indians; Hitler formed his policy of concentration from reservation policy. 6. Nullification - 7. Bank War - 8. Panic of 1837 - deregulation of banking. Too much currency, not enough gold. Money not worth anything. Banks stopped lending and not much economic growth. Significance? Awareness of poverty, destitution. Poor were now more visible, leads to reform movement. 9. Disestablishment - an abolition of established churches, state no longer paid ministers. Significance? Led to evangelicalism. 10. Evangelical Revivalism - Turned an irreligious society into a religious society, went from less than 25% of population going to church to 75% population as church members, Enslaved African Americans turned to Evangelicalism. The evangelical impulse convinced them that sin was concrete and needed to be wiped out. Significance? Led to reforms: moral reform ( restore God’s govt on earth, to make Americans moral, moral swaysion (convince Americans to be more godly) prison reform (end crime/illiteracy, used physical punishment before but Quakers led way to the creation of the reformatory/penitentiary which made criminal repent and reform. Their goal was to transform criminal’s personality b/c corporal punishment was brief/ only punished the act not the person) invention of public schools (apprenticeship system broke down and too many illiterate children on the streets, it guaranteed all Americans an equal start in life and no class division b/c all children would intermix) mental illness/asylum (Dorothea Dix shocked at how insane ppl were treated inhumanely/as animals, she embraced campaign to create asylums) radical reform (reforms in slavery, sexism, private property, nuclear family)
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History_Study_Guide_2 - History I Study Guide (Second Exam)...

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