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Exam #1 Study guideChapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5Chapter 1 & 2 (Nature of Development)3 domains of development: physical, cognitive, psychosocial/socioemotional. Physical/ biological growth:oChanges in the body (brain, sense, organs, muscles, bones, etc.) and changes in the way a person uses their body (motor skills)oThe effects of aging (eyesight, muscle strength, etc.)oGenes/Environment, Prenatal Development, Physical Self, perception, Sexuality, Death Cognitive:oInvolves gains, declines, and changes in reasoning an thinking, language acquisition, and the ways individuals gain, store, and remember or recall knowledge of their environmentsoInvolves learning and forgettingoCognition/Piaget, learning and memory, Intelligence, language and achievementPsychosocial/socioemotional:oConcerns the changes in feeling or emotions as well as changes in how individuals relate to other peopleoIncludes relationships with family, peers, and coworkers, as well as an individual’s personal identity, or sense of selfoEx. Personality (The big 5), Gender, Social Cognition and moral, Attachment, FamilyDefine Age (pg. 4 AND 5) and how does it relate to Stability vs. Change?Aging: refers to a range of physical, cognitive, and psychological changes, positive and negative, in the mature organismBiological aging – the deterioration of organisms that leads inevitable to death; involves growth early in life, stability in earl and middle adulthood, and decline associated with now-accumulated effects of again late in life. What are the periods of life listed in Table 1.1 (p. 5) and in text on p. 8?Period of LifeAge RangePrenatal periodConception to BirthInfancyFirst 2 years of life (the1st month is the neonatal or newborn period)Preschool period2-5 or 6 years (toddlers)Middle Childhood6-10 or until the onset of puberty AdolescenceApproximately 10-18 (or from puberty to when the individual becomes relatively independent)Emerging Adulthood18-25 or even later transitional period between adolescence and adulthood)Early Adulthood25-40 years (adult roles are established)Middle Adulthood40-65 years1
Late Adulthood65yrs What is an age-grade? Age grade: socially defined age groups or strata, each with different statues, roles, privileges, and responsibilities in societyoExample: grade school based off of your age, “elite” seniors and “lowly” freshman in high schoolList examples of rites of passage. Rite of passage: a ritual that marks a person’s “passage” from one status to anotheroUsually in reference to the transition from childhood to adult hoodoExample: body painting, circumcision, instruction by elders in adult sexual practice, test of physical prowess, gala celebrations, bar mitzvahs, quinceañera What are age norms and social clocks?Age Norm: society’s way of telling people how to act their age; it defines what people shouldand should not do at different points in the life span o1.