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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5- Stratification in the United States and Global Inequality A. Social Inequality- the condition in which members of a society enjoy different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power, every society manifest some degree of social inequality Stratification- structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power Income- salaries and wages Wealth- materials assists such as land, stocks, and other property B. Stratification- Four general systems of stratification- slavery, castes, estate, and social status Slavery- most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals or groups, individuals are owned by others, treated like property Castes- heredity systems of rank, usually religiously dictated that tend to be fixed and immobile o Four major casts in India, and the fifth is referred to as the untouchables is considered to be so lowly and clean as to have no place within this system Estate system- feudalism- required peasants to work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for military protection and other services C. Class system- social ranking based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social nobility, boundaries are not really defined Marked by unequal distribution of wealth and power, income inequality is one of the basic characteristics Five classes in the American social class system, upper class, upper middle class, lower middle class, working class , and lower class Upper class- 1-2% lower class in composed of 20-25% and most being minorities, upper middle 10-15% composed of professionals, and the lower middle 30-35%, working class 40-45% D. Karl Marx View of Class Differentiation- Main focus: effects of economic inequality on all aspects of the 19 th century Europe, wanted social class structure change Social relations during any period of history depend on who controls the primary mode of economic production, such as lands and factories...
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Mechlinski during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.
- Winter '08