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Unformatted text preview: Geology 30 Midterm Exam Geologic Time Scale- Eon: Longest period Era: Four time spans- Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, and Protozoan Period: Time inside an era Epoch: Less than a period and greater than an age Cladograms/ Cladistics- DEFINITIONS ON ANOTHER PAGE Historical Perspective- &#2; Steno- Principle of the law of superposition and lateral continunity &#2; Hutton- Uniformitarianism- processes we see today are much like those from the past &#2; Smith- Original horizontal and superposition &#2; Charles Lyell- wrote the Principle of Geology- Earth is ancient and sculpted by gradual geologic processes, led to a modernization of geology &#2; Wegner- Earth rotations would cause continents to plow through ocean basis &#2; Wallace- Naturists, developed theory of evolution and got it published before Darwin &#2; Malthus- Populations are capable to increase faster than food is able to be supplied &#2; Linnaeus- Father of Taxonomy- undertook to describe all of life and minerals in his Systemae Naturae, distinguished species &#2; Mendel- Father of genetics, did the pea study, recessive and dominant traits Belief and Research- Belief Knowledge- The essence of belief knowledge is knowledge about the world is inherent and unique in each human being &#2; Attained by personal beliefs and knowledge, no testing, observation, and quantification, individual revelation and individual faith Research Knowledge- essence of research knowledge is that it is a group endeavor, it is cumulative, and findings are ever changing and dynamic &#2; Observed, collected and synthesized by different human beings, results must be repeatable and my more than one observer &#2; All hypotheses must me falsifiable only fail to disprove Pseudoscience- generally borrows the terminology and appearance, knowingly manipulating the data to a specific political/economic end &#2; Unwilling to admit ignorance or disprove the hypothesis Hallmarks of Science- Difference between hypothesis and a theory- &#2; Hypothesis- An explanation for the pattern created by two or more facts, generally involves inferring a process, based on observation, make predictions, and be testable &#2; Theory- Main two components of systematic? Goal of cladistics? How is the 3 Domain System different from the 5 Kingdom System?...
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