Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 Stalinism Prelude: o Consequence of...

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Lecture 8 Stalinism Prelude: o Consequence of the civil war was that destruction of the economy. o Industrial production in Russia was a fraction of what it was before WWI. o Hope for International Revolution Their own industrial weakness could be overturned if they could join with a country with a rising industry, Germany. But it was just wishful thinking. New Economic Policy (NEP o Goals: 1) ensure peasant acquiescence in Bolshevik rule 2) rebuild industrial economy o Measures: 1) replace grain requisitions with tax 2) allow private trade 3) partial end of nationalization of industry Socialism in One Country (Stalin) Withdraws Soviet Union from international economy before Depression It was very practical It was also very popular Stalin used those two things out-manuveur his opposition. Causes SU to withdrawl from international economy, which caused them to separate from the Great Depression. So while the whole world was in depression, Russia was fine. Great Transformation, 1928-1932 o First Five-Year Plan (1929-32) = Rapid Industrialization This was Stalin’s high priority. Soviet union was surrounded by hostile powers, so in order to survive SU had to industrialize in order to protect themselves. emphasis on metal production (steel, pig iron) state control of urban economy was considered a crime to do private trading, Black Market beginnings of planned economy
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course HIST HIST 20 taught by Professor Tomoff during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 Stalinism Prelude: o Consequence of...

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