Lecture 9 - Lecture 9 Fascism Italy and Mussolini o...

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Lecture 9 Fascism Italy and Mussolini o Emereged from WWI with many economic problems o Much unhappiness about the spoils that were spread among the victors of WWI. Preconditions: o wounded national pride o acute depression and high unemployment which led to social unrest limited reforms that were mad to lower tensions but did the opposite. o street violence armed bands of mostly young men brawled in the streets. Road to Power o From street gangs to political movement Mussolini and the street gangs came together to form a political reform. Organized a fighting band of ex-soldiers. Primarily fought against communists. His message was intense patriotism which appealed to almost everyone and loyalty to the Italian king/roman church. Transformed the fascists from a street gang to a political movement. o March on Rome (October 1922) Fascist army was created to overthrow parliament. Mussolini was named Premier. o Dictatorship electoral reform leader of the party that got the most votes would not be challenged by the opposing side electoral intimidation used a machine to fix the vote. practical elimination of parliament
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course HIST HIST 20 taught by Professor Tomoff during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Lecture 9 - Lecture 9 Fascism Italy and Mussolini o...

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