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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Psychology: Yesterday and Today Psychology Defined The science of mental processes and behavior. Four goals: Describe Behavior Explain Behavior Predict Behavior Control Behavior Apply Sensation Seeking Personality Levels of Analysis o The brain: Brain structure, connections between regions, connections between neurons, neurochemical activity, hormones. o The person: Beliefs, desires, feelings o The group: Overt and covert influence of 1+ other being The Evolution of a science Structuralism (late 1800s) Wilhelm Wundt & Edward Titchener (student of Wundt) Focused on identifying the building blocks of consciousness Introspection: Looking within Not objectively verifiable Functionalism (late 1800s) William James Influenced by Charles Darwin Studied how consciousness helped an individual survive and adapt to an environment Focused on pragmatic issues such as improving education Gestalt Psychology (early 1900s)...
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- Spring '07