Pluralism opposed critical theory, and posited that if people were unhappy , they'd be out in the streets protesting it 1. Critical Theory is distinguished by its skeptical attitude, which "is wholly distrustful of the rules of conduct which society as presently constituted provides each of its members" (Sociology Today, p. 387) 2. According to critical theory, something in the pluralist mechanism isn't working, and the unhappy people are suppressed, distracted or medicated 3. Skepticism (maintaining distance between way things are and the way they could be) rather than cynicism (takes a more dismissive, "I can't do anything about this BS" stance) 4. Its methods may resemble those of traditional (scientific) theory, but its goal is not to be value-free. Instead, it strives for "a reasonable organization of society that will meet the needs of the whole human community" (ST, p 387) 5. 20th-Century Critical Theory A. Most people cannot be self-sufficient, but must work for someone else.
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