SOC 402 Durkheim

SOC 402 Durkheim - There are two different types of...

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Modernization theory - developed from functionalism, current predominant version is economic developmentalism Goal: be able to identify schools of thought in viewpoints on modern and historical issues, not just identify authors Social change and solidarity: a functionalist view Functionalism arose from trying to figure out why newly-encountered societies do what they do, what functions different rituals and structures provide Views society as a social organism - Herbert Spencer Tries to understand the relation between the parts and the whole Asks what causes social disorganization and what can be done about it Every society needs to fulfill certain functions to survive Integration - interpersonal ties with other members, identification with the group - who are we? Regulation - enforcement of rules, laws, and inner discipline - what is expected of me/us? Collective conscience - shared beliefs and ideas - what do we believe? Solidarity - sense of unity, common purpose - what is our mission in life?
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Unformatted text preview: There are two different types of solidarity that define a lot of how society will be structured Mechanical Solidarity Lends itself quite well to functional analysis, partially because it's simpler and easier to see Small-scale (usually rural) society Simple division of labor (e.g., age, sex, lineage) - not necessarily less developed Ideas and beliefs are mostly shared - collective consciousness predominates Harsh, repressive (penal) laws - strict regulation Individuals depend directly on the group for their survival Dynamic Densities - How Societies Change Dynamic density increases with - population size, concentration, and therefore degree of social interation Increased competition More specialized division of labor Change - mechanical Higher DD leads to mile Durkheim (1858-1917) Functionalism Wednesday, August 22, 2007 9:33 AM Class Notes Page 1...
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