SOC 402 Durkheim

SOC 402 Durkheim - There are two different types of...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Modernization theory -developed from functionalism, current predominant version is economic developmentalism Goal: be able to identify schools of thought in viewpoints on modern and historical issues, not just identify authors Social change and solidarity: a functionalist view Functionalism arose from trying to figure out why newly-encountered societies do what they do, what functions different rituals and structures provide Views society as a social organism -Herbert Spencer Tries to understand the relation between the parts and the whole Asks what causes social disorganization and what can be done about it Every society needs to fulfill certain functions to survive Integration -interpersonal ties with other members, identification with the group -who are we? Regulation -enforcement of rules, laws, and inner discipline -what is expected of me/us? Collective conscience -shared beliefs and ideas -what do we believe? Solidarity -sense of unity, common purpose -what is our mission in life?
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: There are two different types of solidarity that define a lot of how society will be structured Mechanical Solidarity Lends itself quite well to functional analysis, partially because it's simpler and easier to see Small-scale (usually rural) society Simple division of labor (e.g., age, sex, lineage) - not necessarily less developed Ideas and beliefs are mostly shared - collective consciousness predominates Harsh, repressive (penal) laws - strict regulation Individuals depend directly on the group for their survival Dynamic Densities - How Societies Change Dynamic density increases with - population size, concentration, and therefore degree of social interation Increased competition More specialized division of labor Change - mechanical Higher DD leads to Émile Durkheim (1858-1917) Functionalism Wednesday, August 22, 2007 9:33 AM Class Notes Page 1...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern