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TOPIC ONE ICT PM.pdf - SESSION 1: INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT...

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1 |P a g eSESSION 1: INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT MANAGEMENTExpected learning outcomes1.Define and develop the terms; project, project management, program andprogram management, portfolio management, Project and program manager.2.Discuss the main characteristics of a project3.Analyze the drivers of project management in 21stcenturyDefinition:According to BS 6079-2:2000 Project Management Vocabulary, a project is:A uniqueprocess, consisting of a set of co-ordinated and controlled activities with start and finishdates, undertaken to achieve an objective conforming to specific requirements, includingconstraints of time, cost and resources.Why do we need projectmanagement?’What is the difference between project management and management of any other business orenterprise?Why has project management taken off so dramatically in the last 20 years?Project management isessentially management of change, while running a functional orongoing business is managing a continuum or ‘business-as-usual’. Project management is notapplicable to running a factory making sausage pies, but it will be the right system when thereis a requirement to relocate the factory, build an extension, or produce a different productrequiring new machinery, skills, staff training, and even marketing techniques.It is apparent therefore that there is a fundamental difference between project management andfunctional or line management where the purpose of management is to continue the ongoingoperation with as little disruption (or change) as possible. This is reflected in the characteristicsof the two types of managers. While the project manager thrives on and is proactive to change,the line manager is reactive to change and hates disruption. In practice, this often createsfriction and organizational problems when a change has to be introduced.A Project is a collection of activities that are interrelated with a specific overall purpose. It isan organized endeavour to accomplish a specified non-routine and low volume task. It is atemporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. The main goal isto satisfy the customer’s need.Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to projectactivities in order to achieve project requirements, usually to time and to budget. ProjectManagement is accomplished through the application and integration of the projectmanagement processes which are organised in five distinct phases (also called process groups):InitiatingPlanningExecutingMonitoring and controlling, andClosing.
2 |P a g eEach project management process has clear and well-defined inputs (possibly being outputs ofother processes) and outputs (which in turn may become input to other processes).Each projectmanagement process belongs to one of nine specific knowledge areas pertaining to projectmanagement:Integration managementScope managementTime managementCost management,Quality management,Human Resource management,Communications management,Risk management, andProcurement management.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Management, Project Management, project manager

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