SOC 402 Sex, Gender, and Sexuality

SOC 402 Sex, Gender, and Sexuality - Assigns different...

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Essentialism -Gender difference is natural; each sex has unique qualities and perspectives a. Social Constructivism -Gender difference is mainly created by society; we all have "feminine" and "masculine" qualities b. Strategic Essentialism -Although gender difference is socially constructed, embracing it can help increase solidarity in the struggle for equality c. Types of gender theories 1. The physiological dimorphism of a species with respect to reproductive function i. Usually dichtomous -it classifies individuals as either male or female ii. Sex a. A set of cultural roles, identities, and behaviors associated with each se in a given society i. Gender is continuous: it assigns roles, identities, attributes, and behaviors to a scale, running from masculine to feminine ii. Gender b. Desires -who you love i. Practices -how you love ii. Identifications -who you are iii. Sexuality is a multi-form (polymorphous): there are many different varieties iv. Sexuality c.
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Unformatted text preview: Assigns different roles to women and men (ex.: war-making, child-rearing) i. Some women make war-Some men share in child-rearing-For many activities, such as work, these gender roles vary across cultures and history ii. Gender Division of Labor… d. One sex exercises authority over the other-The other sex performs lower-status roles and duties-Persons of the subordinate sex are usually isolated from contacts outside the household or the community-Assigns unequal roles to men and women i. Gender stratification e. Markets: women get paid (but usually as cheaper labor) i. Education: empowers through knowledge and skills ii. Democracy: establishes norms of equal rights for all citizens iii. Technology: increases female control over production iv. Is modernization a gender equalizer? f. Sex, Gender, and Sexuality 2. Lecture 11a - Sex, gender and sexuality Monday, October 29, 2007 9:51 AM Class Notes Page 1...
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