Formulated Institutionalism Theory, looking at different organizations of structures (state, religion, economy), how they derive their authority (why people obey their leaders), and how they affect societies a. Background on Max Weber 1) Authority (or "domination") is measured by "the probability that certain specific commands (or all commands) will be obeyed by a given group of persons" (Weber, in Lemert, p.112) a. At least some people follow the state voluntarily i. Possesses some form of legitimacy ii. The STATE is defined as the institution in society that possesses a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence or coercion to enforce its authority. b. Legitimate domination is a right to lead that is accepted as valid by potential followers. c. When and Why do Men Obey? 2) Such as priest, king, tribal chief, patriarchy, cult leaders in following generations i. Parents have origin of authority over their children ii. Old view of males having authority over females
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Charismatic authority, traditional authority, legal-rational authority