Conservatism

Conservatism - Conservatism, Part One 11/1/2007 11:39:00 AM...

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Conservatism, Part One 01/11/2007 11:39:00 Rawls On Liberalism     Comprehensive Liberalism     Appeals to a deeper account of human nature and morality Eg; Mill’s Utilitarianism John Locke’s appeal to god Political Liberalism     Avoid Foundations Freestanding No appeal to Philosophical controversies Appeal to the public culture of modern liberal democracies Reasonable Pluralism of comprehensive doctrine is permanent An overlapping consensus on the legitimacy of liberal institutions Liberalism As An Ideology, 4 Major ideologies     Any ideology should explain why it is an ideology Individual Choices     Evaluation, Equal freedom for individuals Protection from harm, have basic equality standards Equal opportunity
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Orientation     Rational choice-makers Focus on shared characteristics Play down particular identities Political Program     Historically, what they have been against and trying to promote What is the program of liberals now, how you do in life should not rest on  prescribed status, but on effort and hard work, market freedoms Conservatism In General     Traditionalism, respect of continuity of the past, matters and should be  respected Skepticism about political knowledge, wisdom is handed down from previous  nations Organic conception of society and the state, thinking of society as a working  organism Classical Conservatives:      Flawed human beings, hierarchy, tradition, anti-revolution Contemporary Conservatives:      Small government, free markets, strong military Modern liberals:      Rational justification, if institutions are to be justified they have be  justified to every individual
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Need For Transparency     : Against appeals to tradition and superstition Conservatism:      Suspicious of reason, favor sentiment over scrutiny, we are feeling  beings over thinking beings Burke’s Career     An Irishman in the British Parliament Critic of the French revolution of 1789 Against the Revolutionaries view of human nature, society, freedom and  government Burke on Human Nature and Society     Creatures of habit, custom, tradition Humans are not perfectible of changeable by social engineering, bound to be  imperfect, tainted by original sin, unlike liberals who believe the perfect  human can be shaped Against atomism: Isolated individuals Organic conception of society, society is greater than the sum of it’s parts Against the liberal, legalistic, business-like social contract Society is not created by our consent Scared intergenerational covenant
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course HISTORY 040 taught by Professor Xxx during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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Conservatism - Conservatism, Part One 11/1/2007 11:39:00 AM...

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