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American History 2nd Term Lectures

American History 2nd Term Lectures - American Revolution...

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American Revolution 14/01/2008 13:54:00 Treaty of Paris (1763) American Contributions Native contributions Pontiac’s War 1763 London’s Imperial policy reassessed Royal Proclamation of 1763 London’s Imperial Policy Reassessed Inflation of debt Cost of Colonial administration in creased 5X Ohio Valley o Pontiac’s Rebellion: Significance o British fears/ ignorance o Proclamation Act of 1763 How do They Pay for Everything? Tax Americans Debt Increased 5X Sugar Act of 1764
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o Significance: o Colonial trade new revenue stream o Increased enforcement measures o Insignificant Stamp Act 1765 Colonialists pay there share Important Difference o External taxation: on imports (like the sugar act) o Internal Taxation: direct tax, on services, goods and property o Affected Greater number of colonists American’s rebelled at the direct taxation increase, increased tension The stamp Act opposition Ignored taxation without representation Boston, Mass August 14, 1765 – Andrew Oliver, stamp distributor for Massachusetts Sons Of Liberty o Boycott British Imports
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o Inter-colonial network of correspondence o Declaratory Act in 1766, negates the Stamp act Is used as a way to protect against mob violence After 1767 opposition increased because of Towshend Duties of 1767 Charles Towshend, Chancellor of the Exchequer (Treasurer) Loophole in colonist’s logic? o Taxation on imports as they entered the colonists o Glass, pint, lead, paper and tea o Boycotts continued Lord North 1770 Repealed Towshend Duties Colonists pressure Tea tax remained o Matter of principle Tea Act, 1773 British East India Company Smugglers
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Sell tea directly to colonists, no middlemen Br. East India Co. tea cheaper than smugglers but colonists continued boycott Committee of Correspondence o Resist importation Boston Tea Party December 16, 1773 An identification of a political ideology is developing British Response Furious and swift o Boston Port Bill o Massachusetts Government act o Administration of Justice Act o Quartering Act Committee of Correspondence First Constitutional Congress, Sept 5, 1774 Formal demands to George III Colonial militias formed Communications and coordination
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Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1776 Popularizes reasons for revolution British imperial tyranny Awakening Nationalism Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence Emphasized equality of all individuals Convinced social and political progress impossible under British Revolution not inevitable American Republican ideology developed How revolutionary was the revolution? What shape would the new Republic take Conservative Consensus Bernard Bailyn, Ideological Origins of The American Revolution 1967 Conspiracy Theory Political Republican consensus How Revolutionary was the Revolution Women Statue of Liberty Eliza Lucas Pinckney Philis Wheatley John Bodnar, Remaking America
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