Chapter+10-Gender+and+Politics Study Guide - Chapter 10...

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Chapter 10: Gender and PoliticsThis week you will learn about some of the issues surrounding gender and politics in US society. In this module you will also find a lecture (with audio) to supplement the required reading (Chapter 10 in the text, pp. 287-316), which will be available by the middle of the week. This week you will also read “Gender Matters in Politics” by Waylen, which can be found in the reader starting on page 441. Additionally, you will read “Clinton,Palin, and Obama” by McGinley, which begins on page 458 in the reader. While reading the chapter, please focus on the learning objectives listed below. Below you will also find study guide questions for the assigned articles (you are not required to answer these, but some find it helpful to use these questions to make sure they understand the main ideas of the reading. Learning objectives:1. To understand the ways sexism plays out in politics in America.-elections are always meditations on masculinity: -is he man enough to push the button, stare down the nation’s enemies, & if necessary, be the commander in chief and lead them into battle-not just the leaders, but the political ideas they espouse and the parties they represent are seen as genderedDemocrats:-generally support higher taxes in order to develop programs for education, social services, and health care for those less fortunateRepublicans:-advocate both higher levels of military spending and dramatic cutting of taxes, offsetting those costs by cutting the very social programs the Democrats advocate*To the republicans, the Democrats advocate a feminine gov., a “Nanny State” more along the lines of the European social democracies*To the Democrats, the Republicans are the “Daddy Party,” proposing a lean, mean fighting machine that operates as a reverse Robin Hood, taking from the poor and giving to the rich-Gendered Political Divide:-red and blue states were seen as “masculine” or “feminine” states: gun owners v. gun controllers, aggressively military v. conciliatory and diplomatic, environmentally rapacious v. environmental stewardship, tax-cutting free-marketeers who run up the debt v. fiscal prudence inboth taxation and spending-The gender of politics:the way that we can see gender differences in political behavior, or in public perceptions of different candidates, or in the ways that gender is used to both praise and criticize elected officials2. To understand ways in which political campaigns make use of gender.-questioning of candidates’ masculinities-perhaps no campaign was more gendered than the presidential election of 1840 between Martin van Buren and William Henry Harrison (pg.293)-Al Gore needing to “Butch it up” while running against Bush (pg. 294)-Kerry “looking French” and being called a “girlie man”-changed his mind (“unthinkable for a man”) after experience in Vietnam; used against him as proof that we waffled and flip-flopped in a feminine way-Bill Clinton: observed that when people are uncertain or afraid, “they’d rather have somebody who’s strong and wrong than somebody

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