Chapter 1: IntroductionLearning objectives:1. To understand the “interplanetary” theory of gender difference.-Genders are significantly and innately different; men are from mars, women are from venus. Supports evolutionary or biological differences, such as the belief that men are more dominant and aggressive and women are submissive and nurturing.-Pg. 14: “The observed mean differences b/w men and women are decisive and that they come from the fact that women and men are biologically so physically different-Pg. 15-16: “assumes that gender is a property of individuals, that is, that gender is a component of one’s identity.” 2. To understand the nature and nurture theories of gender difference, what they have in common, and why they might be insufficient explanations of gender difference and gender domination. Both “nature lovers” & “nurturers” share 2 fundamental assumptions: (1) they see women and men as markedly diff. from each other-truly, deeply, and irreversibly diff.(nurture allows for some possibility of change but it still argues that the process of socialization is a process of making males and females different from each other-differences that are normative, culturally necessary, and “natural”) and both assume that differences between men & women are far greater (& more worthy of analysis) than differences among men or amongwomen.