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Unformatted text preview: 2-28Rural Communities in France and England 17th c. 18th c.• Composition of Communities• cottagers• laborers• 30% above subsistence level (excludes gentle-folk)• economy of under-employment• lot of idle hands in the winter• at harvest time, everyone is employed• governments in France and England thinking of regulating the economy• regulate economy to increase employment, which increases the bullion• more effective in England• aristocracy of Europe is in contact with each other• young men of england sent to the continent to be “polished”• Activities Proclaiming Community• people relax as communities• had local fairs• were contests in which young men gained prominence (sometimes women)• saved to buy outfits for the fairs• Wake• hosted by parish clergymen• parish celebrating parish• games involving animals• bull-baiting• gentlemen whose estates dominate the village will provide the bull • cock fighting• aristocracy has to be culturally amphibious• all members of society participating together• football• Derby• 2 parishes who had an annual football match• becomes part of the lore of the town• some festivities honored particular members of communities• Trovetide...
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- Fall '07
- History, Gang, Witchcraft, average illegitimacy rate, Activities Proclaiming Community, annual football match