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Unformatted text preview: 11-19The Consolidation of Christian Society: the Papacy, the Friars, and Heresy• the Church takes shape• Innocent III (d. 1216)• elected pope in 1198 when 37 years old• canon lawyer• church lawyer• Innocent viewed his power as temporal power• carried on Church reform through legislations• entered into disputes with secular rulers to assert papal supremacy• increased amount of territory in Italy under papal rule• 1st Pope to declare crusades against fellow Christians• Papal claims• claims of papal power coincide with the growing claims to power of the secular state• Plenitudo potestatis: the fullness of power• universal sovereignty over all forms of legal power• Innocent’s reign as pope was high point of papal power• religious uniformity• Heterodox belief seem to emerge in 11th c.• little evidence prior to 11th c., but does that mean it didn’t exist?...
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- Fall '07
- History, Christian terms, papal power coincide, · Innocent