HIS 4a Lecture 4 The Roman Army and the Empire's Frontiers

HIS 4a Lecture 4 The Roman Army and the Empire's Frontiers...

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10-8 The Roman Army and the Empire’s Frontiers • Roman army fought further away for longer periods of time • Romans reluctant to serve in the military • Growing problems on the frontiers began around 113 BCE • in Gaul • in Numidia • Problems in recruitment • by 1 st c BCE 2/3 of roman army from Italian allies • allies demand a greater role in Roman politics, but conservative senate resisted calls for citizenship • massive revolt in 90 BCE led to granting of citizenship to all free Italians • More problems for the Senate to solve • inefficient administration of the provinces (including tax revolts) • ambitious senators who put their personal interests ahead of the best interests of Rome (Crassus, Pompey, Caesar) • suppression of large slave revolt, led by Spartacus, increased power of Crassus • 1 st Triumvirate • Crassus, Pompey, Caesar • led to defeat and assassination• 2 nd Triumvirate • Lepidus, Marc Antony, Octavian, with Octavian victorious • Octavian (Augustus) used his army to eliminate rivals to become the 1
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HIS 4a Lecture 4 The Roman Army and the Empire's Frontiers...

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