HIS 4a Lecture 2 The Roman Republic - Limiting Power

HIS 4a Lecture 2 The Roman Republic - Limiting Power -...

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10-3 The Roman Republic: Limiting Power from village to republic to empire 750-509 BCE Etruscan rule of Rome 509-209 BCE Roman conquest of Italy 133-31 BCE Late Republic Roman Identity already forming prior to Republic defined by moral qualities such as responsibility, discipline, industry, modesty Pietas: sense of duty toward gods, family, friends and country Religio: sense of subordination to gods, state officials, and family members 509 BCE Etruscan rule ended Res: thing, matter, affair Publica: public Republic formed to facilitate sharing of power among competing groups or families this system made it difficult for one leader dominate Roman society Romans were governed by rule of law, which represented collective will of the people (men) Populus, populi: people Romans absorbed growing number of populi Latins Italians Etruscans Roman citizenship granted to non-Romans as means of cementing alliances by 265 BCE Roman had conquered most of peninsula
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Unformatted text preview: Roman from the city of Rome 10% of the population was classified as Roman 2 orders evolved Patricians: hereditary aristocrats whose heads of family formed the Senate (senex; elder) the ruling council Plebeians (Plebs): mostly farmers relationship between the two were patrondient by early 3 rd c BCE, plebs seek to share power with patricians Roman Law: from oral to written in early republic, law was oral tradition handed down from generation to generation among patrician senators tribunes had right to say veto when patricians acted against pleb interests plebeians demanded that the laws be written down The 12 Tables (450 BCE) laws that debt with trial procedures, inheritances, property favored the patricians prohibited marriage between patrician and plebian families plebians fought for and won greater political role...
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HIS 4a Lecture 2 The Roman Republic - Limiting Power -...

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