HIS 4a Lecture 9 Monasticism

HIS 4a Lecture 9 Monasticism - major reform in the church...

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10-29 Monasticism • 2 kinds of Clergy • Secular clergy • priests, bishops, pope • Regular Clergy (from regula, “rule”) • clergy who follow a rule • monastic • not necessarily ordained priests • monks who have taken holy vows • Monastery, Monk • from greek, “monos,” alone, solitary • desert fathers: • St Anthony • St Pacomius • 3rd and 4th century • Benedict of Nursia (480-543) • founder of Benedictine Order • The Rule of Saint Benedict • 2 Developments in Monasticism 650-1000 • vast expansion in number and wealth • passing of monasteries to lay control • more lords and kings are trying to exercise power over the monasteries • a portion of the church resists this
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Unformatted text preview: major reform in the church Cluny founded in the 10th c. really big important library, manuscripts 3 goals want to stop the investiture of bishops by layman prevent lay-rulers from giving symbols of authority to church bishops by way of maintain autonomy want to end clerical marriage priest who had wives sometimes passed on the rights to officiate their churches to their sons question of discipline, but not doctrine when unmarried, no divided loyalty, keeps control over your personnel, keeps focus on the church want to stop simony (the sale of ecclesiastic offices)...
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HIS 4a Lecture 9 Monasticism - major reform in the church...

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