HIS 4b Lecture 3 The State as a Work of Art

HIS 4b Lecture 3 The State as a Work of Art - 01-15 The...

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01-15 The State as a Work of Art • Italy Freed from Higher Authority • suzerain • 14th c. Pope was removed from Italy • Popes weakened the power of the holy roman emperor • sought the undermine Philip, King of France • he wanted to tax the French clergy, but church ignored it • dispute whether they had the right to • Philip forbids the export of any French coin, to outside of France • refuses the Pope revenue • Pope sends French bishop to king, but Philip imprisons him for treason • Unum Sanctum: this faith speaks with one voice, that is that of the pope, and either Philip obeys or he risks the fate of his mortal soul • Philip invades papal palace and captures the pope • pope dies (no relation) • Philip stacks the college of cardinals who elect a pope who is pro-French and stays Avignon • popes stay in Avignon 1309-1376 • 1376 - 1414, 2 Popes, sometimes 3 • Italy has no Pope to maintain them • Italian Cities at War 1300-1454 • practical • cities want to protect their hinterland because of resources
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HIS 4b Lecture 3 The State as a Work of Art - 01-15 The...

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