HIS 4a Lecture 10 The Stem of Nobility

HIS 4a Lecture 10 The Stem of Nobility - • Marquis •...

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10-26 The Stem of Nobility • formation of the nobility • Prior to 1000 BCE, nobility loosely organized • small segment of population • not a legally defined group with rights • entrance into group relatively easy • from he 9th c. on, Nobles shared 3 Characteristics • wealth • land • power • descent from a distinguished family • claimed, but not proven • In Frankish period • kings relied on counts • counts were lords of counties • in charge of estates • collection of revenue • control militia • exercised judicial, military and administratives powers in their counties on behalf of king • hereditary by 1000 BCE • Further differentiation in ranks in late 9th, early 10th c • Viscounts • vice-count • Dukes • leader of army • 2nd to king • French titles • Duc
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Unformatted text preview: • Marquis • Comte • Vicomte • English titles • Duke • Marquis • Earl • Viscount • Barron • Noble as Warrior • before Carolingian period, most fighting was on foot • all free men expected to fight • only in 9th c., mounted combat became privilege of nobility • training and equipment for mounted combat very expensive • only wealthy nobles had resources to equip troop • Knights and Nobles began to merge in 12th c. • Knights • at first, distinct from nobles • socially stratified • fought on horseback • chief function was warfare • mounted combat becomes possible when • improvements in horse-breeding • improved metallurgy for swords • so they didn’t break • horseshoes • armor • spread of the stirrup...
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HIS 4a Lecture 10 The Stem of Nobility - • Marquis •...

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