geographynotes10-29 - City Life • Mechanical vs organic...

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Cities 1. Where are cities? a. Urbanization b. Definition 2. Where are people in cities? a. Formal Models b. Recent History of Cities 3. Problems of inner cities a. Physical, social and economic b. Housing, Redevelopment and Gentrification 4. Problems of suburbs? 5. Urban Policy and Planning a. Important point – 3) cannot be understood without 4), and visa versa Defining the city Impossible to understand the American City without including the suburb Historian/ Geographer Bill Cronon claims Chicago includes the plains and mountain region, since Chicago uses these resources As I will use it, the City comprises the Central City and the suburb What is to be done about the Atlantic Seaboard, Is it one giant city?
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Unformatted text preview: City Life • Mechanical vs. organic solidarity • Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) o Size, density, and dynamism o Anomie and deviant behavior (possible, but not necessary) • Psychic overload (Georg Simmel 1905) • “Lonely Crowd” as liberating • Louis Wirth o Size, Density and Heterogeneity o City dwellers are withdrawn, impersonal o Unrestrained and self-centered o Unsupported o Fragmentation of social life • Generalization: Europeans have seen the city more positively than Americans City Models • Concentric Ring o Economic rent • Sector o History matters • Multiple Nuclei o Cities don’t have just one center o Functional clusters...
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