Chapter 5 - Fundamental American Liberties Chapter 5 Rights...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Fundamental American Liberties Chapter 5 Rights in a Democracy Prior to John Locke, government had all the power Locke said rights to life, liberty, pursuit of property conferred by nature However, government can make its citizens do anything it wishes Post-9/11? Rights & the Power of the People Rights empower citizens Citizens = a person who can claim they have rights Subjects=under the authority of a government but cannot claim rights Famous Supreme Court case that illustrates the power of citizens rights If youre a citizen Dred Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott African American slave Taken from Missouri (slave state) through Illinois & Wisconsin Territory (free areas) in 1834 Scott argued he was a free man since he was in a free area Supreme Court argued in 1857 that he couldnt bring the case before the court Wasnt a citizen slave and African American When Rights Conflict Between individuals Prayer Right to privacy Individuals against society Regulating behavior Helmets, carrying a gun, pornography How do We Resolve Conflicts? Usually without violence Decision is over what is fair The Courts Arbitrate disputes about rights Supreme Court hears cases to set interpretation of the Constitution Rulings varied as court changes seats Are they influenced? By who? How do we Resolve Conflicts? Congress can expand or limit rights Civil Rights Act of 1991 broadened civil rights protection in the workplace Brady Bill balancing rights between gun owners/crime victims President get Congress to go along with their policy Kennedy & civil rights How do We Resolve Conflicts? People may use the courts or act in groups ACLU goal is defend civil liberties of Americans, no matter their ideological position Other groups? They work to influence government The Bill of Rights & the States Constitution has specific rights in it: Habeas corpus right of an accused to be brought before a judge and informed of the charges/evidence against them Bills of Attainder laws under which specific persons/groups are detained without trial; federal/state govts cannot pass these Ex post facto laws laws that criminalize an action after the fact Bill of Rights & the States Privileges & immunities of the several states prevents any state from discriminating against citizens of other states Anti-federalists didnt think these rights provided enough security against potential abuse of the federal govt....
View Full Document

Page1 / 50

Chapter 5 - Fundamental American Liberties Chapter 5 Rights...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online