1-15 initial failure of democracy

1-15 initial failure of democracy - Korean Politics (POLI...

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Korean Politics (POLI 133J), January 15 The initial failure of democracy & the cold war politics What explains the swift collapse of both the Rhee government and the Second Republic? What explains the authoritarian interventions of Yushin and 1980? What role did the US play? How was Park’s regime able to last so long? What are the positive and negative legacies of Park? Was the military interventions or authoritarian rule necessary for economic take-off of Korea?
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2 <Recap> Causes of the Division and the War Internal conflicts between the left and the right: Few preferred a division (separate governments) to any form of unified country. 38 th Parallel: Proposed by the US and agreed by USSR as a temporary line of demarcation Failure to implement the Moscow trusteeship agreement Development of the Cold War Division as a fundamental cause of the Korean War: “civil war” Kim Il-sung’s invasion and the misjudgment of the US (Stalin’s war): “internationalization” of the war.
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3 The division and the Korean war: Background history (1) Unification by Koryo Dynasty (936-1392), Chosun (Yi) Dynasty (1392-1910) 1905: Russo-Japanese War 1910: Korea annexed by Japan 1943: Cairo Conference: US, Britain, and china declare future Korean independence “in due course”; at the subsequent Tehran Conference, Stalin agrees.
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1-15 initial failure of democracy - Korean Politics (POLI...

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