FiNAL REVIEW 0314 2

FiNAL REVIEW 0314 2 - POLI 133J FINAL REVIEW SESSION March...

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POLI 133J FINAL REVIEW SESSION March 14, 2008 Figure 1: Historical Changes in the Political Cleavage Structure in Korea 1945: Right vs. Left (dominant cleavage) 1953: democratic vs. antidemocratic (dominant cleavage) 1980 – 1987: progressive vs. conservative (secondary cleavage) 1987: regionalism (dominant), democratic vs. antidemocratic (secondary cleavage) Regional Cleavages Youngnam vs. Honam, TK, PK PK: Park Chunge Hee (military dictator) Honam: Kim Dae-jung (democratic leader) PK: Kim Young-sam (democratic leader) Chungcheong: Kim Jong-phil (military dictator) Lee Myung Bak – mayor of Seoul, grew up in Youngnam Yongnam is bigger not only land-wise, but also population-wise - Seoul/Gyeonggi - Choongchung - Honam - Youngnam (separates into TK and PK?) - Kangwon/Jejoo What are the causes of regionalism? Are there remedies? - Causes o Historical regional rivalry? o Confucianism? o Political factors? o Economic factors? - Solutions o Electoral system? o Intra-regional migration? - In Honam, only one party … governors and mayors are all from the liberal party (the same party)
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- In Youngnam, all governors, mayors, and the absolute majority of the councilman are from the conservative GNP - No National Assemblymen from the GNP - Very few of the liberal party in the National Assembly? - Proposal to expand representation - Currently, the number of seats in the National Assembly is 299 - Out of 299, 56 seats are for proportional representation - In the upcoming election, the PR seats will be 54 (two seat decrease) - ^ to alleviate regional politics Regional and Ideological Cleavages - Liberal (1/3), conservative (1/3), moderate (1/3) - Youngnam (25-30%), Honam (10-20%) o Choongchung (15%) o Seoul & Gyeonggi (45%, native 22%) - Ideological and regional cleavages intertwined o Liberal Honam vs. conservative Youngnam - Roh Moo Hyun (liberal) won over the conservative candidate because of SOFA and what happened with the two Korean girls killed by the American tank
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This note was uploaded on 04/26/2008 for the course POLI SCI 133 J taught by Professor Jongsungyou during the Winter '07 term at UCSD.

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FiNAL REVIEW 0314 2 - POLI 133J FINAL REVIEW SESSION March...

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