Malnutrition

Malnutrition - 1 Causes of Death: 10 20 30 40 Neonatal...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Causes of Death: 10 20 30 40 Neonatal Pneumonia Diarrhea Malaria Measles HIV/AIDS Injuries Other % of deaths 2 Classifying Protein Energy Malnutrition Acute short term wasting low weight for height 56 million children Also 150 million are underweight for age Chronic long term stunting low weight + height for age 182 million Primary PEM Malnutrition as a result of inadequate food intake: poverty low food supply poor quality of food Armed conflicts Political turbulence Natural disasters Strong reliance on a few number of foods with a low nutrient density. South East Asia consumes a lot of rice, but not very nutrient dense. 3 Secondary PEM Malnutrition as a result of a disease state which: decreased intake decreased absorption/utilization increased losses increased requirement Protein Energy Malnutrition Successful Adaptation integrated metabolic response to a change in environmental conditions maintains steady state within preferred range fully reversible no loss in overall function Eg marasmus Unsuccessful Adaptation (Accommodation) more severe metabolic adjustment changes are outside preferred range may not be reversible loss of physiological function Eg Kwashiorkor 4...
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Malnutrition - 1 Causes of Death: 10 20 30 40 Neonatal...

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