Historical Background

Historical Background - I. Historical Background a. What...

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Historical Background a. What kind of music is jazz? i. Art music 1. Special elite caste of musicians a. Tend to be trained and specialized 2. Aimed at high society 3. Respect from society ii. Folk music 1. Unspecialized musicians 2. Time-honored oral traditions 3. Attention from ordinary people iii. Popular music 1. Working class of musicians a. Occasional stars 2. Aimed at mass market 3. Attention from consumers b. Basic (“non-Western”) principle i. Jazz is African-American music ii. African-American folk music 1. Rural 2. Becomes urban 3. Affects commercial music 4. Great Migration a. Huge demographic change: African-American ________ b. From rural and Southern to urban and Northern c. African-American population, 1900: mostly South d. 1960: south, west coast, spreading north e. Two large shifts: i. WWI (1917-1920) ii. WWII (1940-1945) 1. Factories producing war materials need labor a. Most of white population fighting overseas 5. Despite commercialism within black community a. Still largely segregated 6. Blues, gospel, and jazz 7. Learned heritage 8. African-American folk principles a. Rhythmic contrast (polyrhythm) b. Cyclic form c. Timbre variation d. Variable intonation (blue notes) e. Music/dance/speech f. Improvisation c. The blues i. What does “the blues mean? 1.
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Historical Background - I. Historical Background a. What...

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