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Unformatted text preview: The Socio-Political Organization of Lawyers 1 Group 1 (1-4) (11. 2. Yale University Harvard University University of Chicago Stanford University The Top 20 Law Schools Peer groupings indicate schools of roughly comparable quality. *indicates the school received extra credit for teaching excellence, as measured by 2. 4. Group 2 (5-7) (55. 6. 7. Columbia University New York University University of California, Berkeley Group 3 (8-15) (88. 8. 10. 10. 12. 13. 14. 15. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor University of Virginia* University of Pennsylvania University of Texas, Austin* Cornell University* Northwestern University Georgetown University Duke University Princeton Review surveys of student satisfaction. Group 4 (16-20) (1616. 17. 17. 19. 19. University of California, Los Angeles University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Vanderbilt University* Boston University* University of Southern California Rank School Harvard University Yale University University of Chicago Stanford University Columbia University University of Michigan, Ann Arbor University of Virginia New York University University of Texas, Austin Duke University Northwestern University University of California, Berkeley Georgetown University University of Pennsylvania University of Notre Dame University of California, Los Angeles Brigham Young University University of Kansas Vanderbilt University Total number of clerks 93 75 50 29 25 16 14 9 9 7 7 7 5 5 4 3 2 2 2 SUPREME COURT CLERKSHIP PLACEMENT, 1991 term through 2001 term Because of the small number of clerks chosen in a given year; because clerks are only chosen from the very top of any graduating class; and because current clerks participate in the process of selecting new clerks; gross numbers are more meaningful than per capita numbers in terms of clerkship placement. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 8. 10. 10. 10. 13. 13. 15. 16. 17. 17. 17. 2 DEGREE DELUGE More lawyers are graduating, thanks in part to the accreditation of more law schools and an influx of applicants after the dot-com implosion earlier in this decade. Number of U.S. law degrees awarded, 1980-2006 GROWING SUPPLY According to the American Bar Foundation, there was one lawyer for every 572 Americans in 1971, but by 2000 there was one lawyer for every 264 people. U.S. lawyer population in select years 3 SOARING TUITION School costs are skyrocketing. Tuition growth at law schools has risen by nearly triple the rate of inflation over the past 20 years. Average tuition and fees for public and private law schools, 1992-2006 GROWING DEBT Students are also graduating with more debt. Graduates of public and private law schools in 2006 had borrowed an average of $54,509 and $83,181, up 17% and 18.6%, respectively, from the amounts borrowed by 2002 graduates. Average amount borrowed by law school graduates, 2002-2006 4 FALLING BEHIND INFLATION Evidence of a squeezed market among the majority of private lawyers in the U.S., who work as sole practitioners or at small firms, is growing. Starting salaries of many lawyers have stagnated. The inflation-adjusted average income of sole practitioners -- about one-third of all lawyers in the U.S. -- has been flat since the mid-1980s, according to the IRS. A recent survey of Indiana lawyers showed that among those at firms of 10 lawyers or less, wages for the majority either only increased nominally, keeping pace with inflation, or dropped in real terms over the last five years. Change in Indiana lawyers' income in the past five years, by firm size RICH GETTING RICHER, POOR GETTING POORER A survey of about 650 Chicago lawyers published in 2005 found that between 1975 and 1995 the inflation-adjusted average income of the top 25% of earners in the survey group grew by 22%, while income for the other 75% of earners dropped. Distribution of Chicago lawyers' total income from practice, by quartiles, 1975 and 1995 5 The median salary spread for a 1st year associate at a 2 -25 lawyer firm versus a 500+ firm is $77,000. When the reference group is a 51-100 lawyer law firm versus 500+, the differential is still a substantial $55,000 per year. Cumulatively, for all eight years of the associate track, the spread amounts to $631,000 for 2-25 vs. 500+ lawyer firms and $524,000 for 51-100 vs. 500+. The Hemispheres of the Legal Profession Personal Litigation Corporate Litigation Office Practice For Persons Office Practice For Corporations "Hemispheres" of Profession Litigation versus non-litigation practice Corporate versus personal clients 6 How Lawyers Differ Across the Hemispheres of Their Profession Socio-economic backgrounds Law school attended Type of practice Typical number of clients (RP v OS) Control by clients Prestige within profession Income A Look at One Quadrant of the "Hemispheres" The "Litigating/Personal" Practices of the Plaintiffs' Bar in Texas Daniels and Martin's Study of Civil Litigators Two "types" Bread and butter & heavy hitters 7 STRUCTURE OF TEXAS PLAINTIFFS' BAR PLAINTIFFS' Summary of Plaintiff Lawyer Practices in Texas Feature of Practice Solo? "Local"? Case value Open cases "Selectivity" Referrals Auto cases Medical Malpractice Settlement Trial Net Income Bread n'Butter Heavy Hitter Yes Yes Lower Higher Lower Clients Important Less important Most common Less common Lower No No Higher Lower Higher Lawyers Less important Important Less common More common Higher 8 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course POLS 356 taught by Professor Flemming during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.
- Spring '08